Fertility surgery is a specialized field that focuses on procedures to enhance fertility, as well as those designed to prevent conception. These surgeries address reproductive health issues affecting both men and women, making it possible or impossible, depending on the circumstances, to conceive a child. On one end of the spectrum, surgeries like tubal ligation reversal, fibroid removal, endometriosis treatment, varicocele repair, and assisted reproductive techniques like IVF are performed to increase fertility and boost the chances of successful conception and pregnancy. On the other end, procedures such as vasectomy and tubal ligation are performed to prevent pregnancies, offering a long-term solution for family planning. These diverse procedures underscore the comprehensive nature of fertility surgery in addressing a wide range of reproductive needs and goals.